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Report of the RCA-UNDP (K) Project Stakeholder Workshop held in 19-21 Aug 2008 in Colombo, Sri Lanka
Name : Administrator | Date : 2011.04.05 11:50 | Views : 841

Report of the Stakeholder Workshop

RCA-UNDP (K) Post-Tsunami Environment Impact Assessment Project
18-21 August 2008, Galadari Hotel, Colombo, Sri Lanka


The workshop was held at the Orchid Salon of the Galadari hotel in Colombo, Sri Lanka on 18-21 August 2008 with 28 participants including the Project Lead Country Coordinator (PLCC), National Project Coordinators (NPCs) of the project, invited experts and local end-users. The list of the participants is given in Annex 1. The workshop was organized by the RCA Regional Office (RCARO) in cooperation with Atomic Energy Authority (AEA) in Sri Lanka to review progress, to interpret the obtained data, and to discuss the tasks for the remaining months until the final project meeting this November.

Opening remakrs

Dr Wimaladharma Abeyewickreme, Chairman of the AEA welcomed all the participants and congratulated the Member States on the progress made and positive achievements for the region during the past years and stressed the significance of the concerted efforts shown in this project with participation of 14 RCA Member States affected, both directly and indirectly, by the 2004 tsunami. He said that this project could produce the necessary and useful analytical data on the post-tsunami environment impact by using advanced nuclear techniques and to share it with the related parties and integrate into an environment management strategy for policy action as a global effort. Lastly, he hoped that through the deliberations at this meeting positive steps would be taken in this regard and he wished everyone fruitful discussions and a peaceful and pleasant stay in Sri Lanka.

Mr Kun-Mo Choi, Director of RCARO, also Project Director, delivered opening remarks by welcoming all the participants, and thanked the Government of Sri Lank and AEA for hosting the workshop. He expressed appreciation for those who had contributed to the project, and hoped the participants would attain the expected results from the workshop.

H.E. Patali Champika Ranawaka, Hon’ble Minister of Environment and Natural Resources in Sri Lanka, welcomed the participants as well as the dignitaries including H.E. the Ambassador of Republic of Korea, Mr Ki-chul Choi, and congratulated the RCARO for identifying the area of work on the tsunami environment impact and for the pioneering work of the participating countries to generate the data that would help policy makers to integrate the results into an environment management strategy. He praised an initiative of regional cooperation which brought scientists to a single forum which provides an opportunity to discuss, decide and deploy nuclear analytical techniques for the common good of the victims of the Asian Tsunami of 2004. Finally, he paid tribute to the Republic of Korea for contributing to regional cooperation through the RCARO.

Session 1. Overview

Mr Jae-Sol Lee gave a presentation (Annex 3) on the background and general overview of the project as well as on the objectives and agenda of the workshop.

Ms Elvira Sombrito, PLCC, delivered a presentation (Annex 4) on technical issues, action plans, obtained results for a project implementation and underscored where we are now such as sample collection and analysis, data analysis, interaction with end-users, and delivery of results such as information sharing, action plan to make the date/information available to und-users. The presentation was followed by the following discussion:

Mr Kun-mo Choi asked whether we had found some meaningful data. Ms Sombrito replied that an example indicated by the India data on loss of thorium in the sedimentary column is an indicator for decreasing clay components and associated toxic elements in the coastal sediments. This means a redistribution of elements following the tsunami event.

Mr Klaus Froehlich commented that we need to compile what have been achieved by other groups in the region for integration and assessment of the project results, to outline a systematic approach for expected outcomes, and to clearly define the end-users of the outputs. He added that end-users might have difficulty in understanding the data we deliver, thus it is important to make the data understandable to end-users. It is also useful to include probabilistic risk assessment.

Mr Ramanathan Alagappan suggested we integrate the other people’s work (university, local government, etc.) on a post-tsunami stricken area and to incorporate it into the project by way of developing a post-tsunami vulnerability map and concentrating on a long term impact of toxic materials brought from land and from the inner shelf after a tsunami. He also proposed we consider the GIS method of assessment of tsunami impact.

After a self-introduction of the participants, the provisional Agenda was reviewed and adopted without any change. The adopted Agenda is given in Annex 2.

Mr VA Waduge, SRL NPC, was appointed as Chair and Mr Jay JH Lee, RCARO, as rapporteur for the whole session with valued assistance from the following Chairs and rapporteurs for each session:

- Session 1: Mr Ron Szymczak (Chair); Ms Elvira Sombrito (rapporteur)
- Session 2: Mr Sanjay K Jha (Chair); Mr John Kennedy (rapporteur)
- Session 3-6: Mr VA Waduge (Chair); Mr Ali Arman (rapporteur)

Session 2. Country report

2.1 India

Mr Sanjay Kumar Jha made a presentation (Annex 5) summarizing the information on the interpretation of the data on sediment indicating the areas where there are changes in elemental concentrations due to tsunami. Moreover, he presented the geo-chemical variation in the tsunami affected area, the temporal and spatial distribution of the toxic elements, the effects of tsunami on coastlines and what evidence they may leave in the coastal stratigraphy. The idea is to help the policy makers in providing guidance for coastal development, location of emergency facilities, and tsunami evacuation planning. In addition, he also pointed out the advantages of using nuclear analytical techniques for analyzing environmental samples. He mentioned how he selected the partners for his project and his sampling. Then he emphasized how he used the Pb-210. Cs-137, U/Th ratio to help in identifying the presence of fine and coarse particles and the role of tsunami in washing the pollutants. The data can also help identify the regions where more fine grain materials deposited after tsunami.

In the discussions during the presentation, he was asked why there is an enrichment of Zn and Cr after tsunami, how the particle size controls them, and what the role of heavy minerals like ilmenite in metal enrichment. Subsequent presentations were made to discuss this. He was given the suggestion to supplement his Pb-210 data with Cs-137 and discuss its behavior with respect to depth and particle size.

Mr Waduge asked about the pre-tsunami data. Mr Jha replied that the data is available from the local geochemical data and will be more beneficial in the interpretation of the post-tsunami data.

2.2 Indonesia

Mr Ali Arman gave a presentation (Annex 6) on the behavior of the toxic element and Pb-210 on the sediment from the tsunami affected areas.

In the subsequent discussions, Mr Szymczak asked about the analysis of the toxic elements in the separate particle size or in the bulk samples. Mr Ron also gave a comment that it was not obvious that the 25cm sediment profiles extended to the bottom of the tsunami-disturbed layer. India indicted disturbance to 40cm.

Mr Jha observed arsenic and chromium behavior has changed along the profile, however the result is not showing any change. He asked about the pre-tsunami data. And if not available, he suggested using the sedimentary rock to get the information before tsunami.

2.3 Malaysia

Mr Abdul Kadir bin Ishak gave a presentation (Annex 7) on the Pb-210 profile for the sedimentation rate measurement. No significant variation in the profile was found and it was suggested that he review the data and check with Cs-137 and Ra-226 as well to confirm the profile.

In the follow-up discussions, Mr Yusheng Zhang said that China got three core samples with 219 subsamples from Malaysia and have finished measurement of three core sample for Pb-210, six heavy metals (Cu, Zn, Pb, Cd, Hg and As) from 219 subsamples and more than 10 different kind of PAHs from one core sample. The other core sample left for PAH measurement will be done by the end of August. Interpretation of the results will be started after this workshop.

Mr Froehlich suggested using another environment isotope (eg Cs-137) to validate the Pb-210 data for the dating purpose. He also suggested that INS and MAL together can measure the sedimentary profile using an acoustic ultrasonic probe to determine depth of disturbed layer or stratification. They can also check if other groups have done this already.

It was asked how useful the data obtained in Malaysia and Indonesia would be and some doubts were expressed if the analyses reflect tsunami impact in the region.

More comments are summarized as follows:

- Sediment geochemistry study has to be updated further.
- More work on texture-grain size has to be carried out by INS and MAL.
- Sonar tracking has been suggested for understanding sediment deposition profile in INS and MAL.
- Different people use different sieve sizes for grain size analysis. They have to follow standard procedures.
- Pb and Cr contents are higher in India and Malaysia and they have to check the reason.
- Sediment trap in corals will help to understand the sediment toxicity on corals. Representative sample may not have been collected and pre-tsunami data have to be collected from various sources for comparison.
- If reference site samples are not available, one can use the river sediment samples or international sediment values to get background values for the particular region.

2.4 Sri Lanka

Mr VA Waduge gave a presentation (Annex 8) on the work carried out by the Sri Lankan NPT on the issue of seawater intrusion problem prevailing in the tsunami affected area. He mentioned that the main focus of Sri Lankan NPT was to study the sea water intrusion problem brought to them by the end user. During his presentation he thanked the BATAN Indonesia and RCARO for making arrangements to provide analytical service for SRL to obtain isotopic data of their water samples. Although he presented preliminary interpretation of the data based on the analytical results of O-18, H-2, H-3 and physical and chemical parameters, he further asked the expert to help in the interpretation since he does not have sufficient experience on the stable isotopes data interpretation on the ground water issues.

In the following discussions, Mr Froehlich, IAEA expert, raised questions based on the the O-18, H-3, H-2 data and salinity presented by Mr. Waduge. Expert also mentioned some interpretation on the tabulate form of the data needs to be transformed into the formal scientific interpretation such as graphics etc. He interpreted the data, saying that the quality of water is somewhat similar to the fresh water. He also said that he would elaborate more about data interpretation during his next presentation.

It was commented that stable isotope studies were done complimentary to the other studies carried out in the affected area by using conventional techniques. However it has been observed that all the sampling points have shown greater than 500 (uS/cm) conductivity, most of the wells have shown <1000 uS/cm conductivity. As such a question was raised that how can the water be considered as affected seriously by sea water intrusion. Then it was suggested to change the sampling locations/ sites and time of sampling to obtain more details/information on the salinity in the ground water in the affected area.. They have been asked to relook into all the details and to analyze more samples selectively taken for better understanding of the real situation. Sri Lanka will collect and analyze more water samples selectively taken from the study area to elaborate their findings,

Mr Waduge said that he has already collected soil samples from the affected area and more samples are to be collected during September. He requested financial support from the RCARO for additional soil sampling planned as they have some difficulties to find financial support for this activity. He also mentioned that the analytical data on the soil will be reported before the final meeting to be held in Nov 2008. Trace and toxic elemental analysis in those samples would be carried out by XRF technique at AEA and water samples will be analyzed by TXRF after commissioning of newly procured TXRF in his lab, expected in Sept 2008.

It was also mentioned that SRL participated in the QA/QC activity organized by the RCARO and submitted the results for evaluation.

2.5 Thailand

Ms Kanitha Srisuksawad made a presentation (Annex 9) on the sedimentation rate, nutrients, major and minor elements in moderately impacted area and a non-tsunami affected areas as a baseline.

In the following discussions, Mr Froehlich asked the sampling point in the Pb-210 profiles shown, and she replied that the samples were not from directly affected area. Sediment cores have been collected from several high-impacted sites on the west coast and are now being analyzed.

Comments are summarized as follows:

- The participating MSs were asked to follow consistent core sampling techniques.
- Suggestions were given to review the core data from Thailand and Malaysia and complete the sediment geochemistry in new cores from tsunami affected area from Thailand.
- Bangladesh and Pakistan has completed the work from areas affected by earlier tsunamis and Sri Lanka has to initiate the work on sediment chemistry.
- Sediment part in India only can be now used to identify the tsunami impacts with available data base. The geochemistry for other countries has yet to be completed.
- It was suggested to have an appropriate format for submitting the sediment report for each country together with critical interpretation of data including comparison with other published studies. Background values for sediments will have to be established.

Review by Objective

2. 6 Objective 1 (Sediment)

Mr Jha summarized the progress report submitted by different MSs participating in Objective 1 of the project (Annex 10). Mr Jha emphasized the quality control and quality assurance of the data submitted by different MSs. He brought out the distinct advantages by generating data using nuclear techniques. He pointed out the site specific dependence of naturally occurring radionuclide which indicates depletion of fine particles in the sedimentary column.

2.7 Objective 2 (Water/Soil)

Mr. Waduge presented a summary (Annex 11) of the information received from those MS’s who are participating in the objective 2 and mentioned only few countries were actively participated in this component. Among them Pakistan and Bangladesh were not affected by tsunami and the data submitted by them were only from unaffected areas. Whereas Indonesia and Sri Lanka were affected seriously by the Tsunami-2004 and Indonesia had reported data from affected and unaffected areas. Sri Lanka had focused mainly on the issue of sea water intrusion into ground water resources in Weligama area. He mentioned that Indonesia has interpreted their ground water data to a great extent where as Sri Lanka would need further assistance of an expert to interpret their data (including the second set of isotope data collected in 2008) for better understanding the situation in the study area.

In the subsequent discussions, Mr Froehlich commented that the presented salinity data from Sri Lanka does not support remarkable intrusion of seawater. He also emphasized to include GPS reading and the topographic map of the sampling area.

2.8 Objective 3 (Coral Reef)

Mr Ron Szymczak gave the overall presentation (Annex 12) on the progress of impact of tsunami on the health of coral reefs (and associated fishery). Preliminary study on the metal content of corals by NAA in 4 species was presented. No live corals were observed in Banda Aceh region in tsunami affected area. The elevated concentration of Zn and Cr was observed.

He mentioned the circumstances facing the MSs for carrying out the bioaccumulation experiments. Literature reference list was circulated earlier. He elaborated the steps to be taken to increase the capability of MSs to carry out experiments on coral reefs. All efforts will be made to generate some data on the objective 3 of the project before the final meeting.

In the subsequent discussions, the Director of RCARO started the discussion on the objective 3 emphasizing the need to fulfill the plan for this objective of the project. Mr Szymczak mentioned that very little toxicology work on coral reefs has been done in the world. Although some experiments were initiated, the corals perished and bioaccumulation studies were unable to be completed. Thus it was suggested that they look for indirect evidences and isotopes evidence to assimilate toxicity index after tsunami.

Session 3. Analysis and interpretation of data

3.1 Analysis of sedimentary process and comparison with other relevant projects

Mr R. Alagappan gave an overview (Annex 13) of work carried out by different research groups in India mentioning the work carried out on groundwater contamination in tsunami affected areas. He presented the heavy metals distribution in the mangrove forest located in Pancavaram area near Gulf of Mannar. Showing the typical work carried out, he stressed the need to study the soil profile to understand the seawater intrusion due to tsunami in the coastal area. He also mentioned the mineralogical studies can also give information on the tsunami impact in the coastal area. The following key results were outlined:

- Variation of pre & post tsunami sediment characteristics
- Changes in the elemental concentration such as Cr, Pb before and after tsunami event
- Impact of tsunami on texture and mineralogy of major places
- Erosion and sedimentation at one of their sampling sites

Mr Froehlich asked on the quality of groundwater in the coastal area in the post tsunami scenario. Mr Alagappan replied the overall groundwater quality has improved in the post tsunami as assessed versus the water quality parameter CPCB India guidelines. He has also indicated that there are several papers published and two books are produced related to contamination of tsunami sediments in the coastal zone as part of their research activities after the tsunami event.

3.2 Interpretation of data for groundwater

Mr Zainal Abidin gave a presentation (Annex 14) on the interpretation of stable isotopes data for groundwater. The data reflect the mixing of seawater and shallow water in the affected area. The deeper groundwater sources do not show any seawater intrusion in the aquifer. His work suggests the use of deep groundwater sources for drinking purpose in the tsunami affected area. He presented their work done on post tsunami on ground water quality using salinity and stable isotopes. There were follow-up discussions about the interpretation of O-18 data initiated by Mr Froehlich and adequately addressed by the presentation.

3.3 Coral reefs

Mr Szymczak gave a presentation (Annex 15) detailing the activities report on the Coral uptake experiment. He has explained about the difficulties in the coral sample collection and storage before the analysis. Some of the possible key results are:

- Impact of sediment delivered to the coral reefs
- Enhanced heavy metal concentration
- Effects of sedimentation

He added that it would be advisable to use ASEAN Ecotoxicity data base for performing a probabilistic risk assessment.

Session 4. Expert advice and end-user views

4.1 Standard reference material and proficiency tests

Mr Sang-Han Lee gave a presentation (Annex 16) on the proficiency test (PT) for analytical quality control conducted. 10 MSs have participated on the PT for measurement of Cs-137 and K-40 in the rice reference material and 4 MSs have participated on the PT for measurement of Pb-210 and Po-210 in the sediment reference material (IAEA-384). He hoped that the exercise will improve the analytical quality of the report.

4.2 PIXE applications for heavy metal analysis on tsunami sediment samples

Mr John Kennedy gave a presentation (Annex 17) of the PIXE analysis of heavy metals in the tsunami sediment samples collected from non and moderately affected areas of Thailand. He also presented the result of sediment samples from a core collected at Kuala Muda, an offshore area of Malaysia.

4.3 Technical issues of the project

Mr Froehlich gave an overview (Annex 18) of stable isotopes and naturally occurring radionuclides for coastal zone studies including sub-marine groundwater discharges (SGD). From the work carried out in different areas in the south East Asia above techniques will be a useful tool to understand fresh water input into the coastal area. He explained how we can use stable isotopes for interpretation of salt water intrusion using stable isotope techniques. He also gave an overview of stable isotope application for SGD along with radon isotopes. The future program he said can initiate SGD studies. He elaborated on the use of naturally occurring radionuclides for coastal studies.

4.4 End-users’ view points on the projects

Ms Janitha Liyanage, one of the local national project team members as well as an end-user, gave a comprehensive presentation (Annex 19) on the research work carried out on the water, soil & tsunami deposits collected from the affected area. Her presentation includes a summary of elemental data, salinity data and other chemical and physical parameters collected from water, soil and tsunami deposits. The participants found her presentation was useful.

Mr. D. D. Nimal Padmasiri (National Water Supply and Drainage Board, Sri Lanka), local end-user, briefly commented on the advantages of having useful information on the ground water resources in the tsunami affected area. He also stressed that the main source of drinking water in tsunami affected area of Sri Lanka is groundwater and the high salinity of the ground water is of serious concern to the NWSDB as they are responsible for providing drinking water for the Nation. He also mentioned that the study carrying out through this project would also help to understand the water quality of the tsunami affected area. He also emphasized the need of information on the recovery factor so that long term planning can be designed.

Technical Tour/Field Trip to Tsunami affected area

The local organizers had organized a field trip to the tsunami affected area on 20 August. The entire group of the participants and end users visited the tsunami affected area, in particular, to one of the sampling sites (Hikkaduwa-Weligama area) used by the Sri Lankan NPT. During the field trip participants were able to see the tsunami affected area and the rehabilitation programmes undertook by the government. It was observed that most of the physical impact done by the tsunami to the properties has been able to be recovered by now through rehabilitation programmes. Meanwhile, the damage done to the environment is still to be assessed and recovered. It was possible to observe some of the wells used for drinking water by the dwellers prior to the tsunami incident are no longer used for that purpose. Government has to provide pipe born water transported from a distance place to those dwellers making an additional cost to the water supply and drainage board. The need of finding information on the available ground water resources were highlighted by the end-users during the field trip. The people were also interested to know whether it would be possible for them to use the well water again as was done before the tsunami.

Session 5. Preparation for the final meeting and report

5.1 Project final report

Mr Jae-sol Lee made a presentation (Annex 20) on who is responsible, and what procedure should be used, for making the project final report.

The followings are suggested:

1) Main contents of the final report
- Progress report by participating Member States
- Technical report
- Result interpretation
- Interaction with end-users
- Outputs/outcomes as stated in the project contract
- Conclusions and recommendations

2) Collection of country report
- Each NPC submits his/her final country report including the above contents to their OLCC by 19 October 2008, two weeks before the final meeting.
- Each OLCC combines and digests these reports into an OLCC’s report
- Each OLCC submits it to the PLCC, and the RCARO before the final meeting.
- Each NPC attends the final meeting with their reports.

3) Elaboration of the final report
- The PLCC is to elaborate a preliminary draft of the final report, in cooperation with OLCCs and RCARO, with a target for a review at the final meeting
- The draft for final report is to be further refined with the review at the final meeting, to be finalized by the end of 2008 by the PLCC in cooperation with OLCCs and the RCARO.
- If deemed necessary, service from relevant experts could be sought.

Mr Elvira Sombrito delivered a presentation (Annex 21) on the future plan related to the final meeting.

The following activities are expected to be done before the project final workshop:

- Complete the analytical works
Toxic element analysis in sediment/soil/water
Pb-210 dating
Particle size analysis
Bioaccumulation studies
Toxic elements in corals
Supported lead
Short-lived radionuclide in top layers of sediment core
Organic contaminants
- Complete proficiency test report
- Compile information/activities related to the project, by other institutions, agencies, international organizations, in order to support, assess, relate and integrate the data obtained in the project, including pre-tsunami information
- Prepare a synthesis report containing data comparison, data assessment, practical applications, recommendations for further studies, recommendations to coastal managers

Regarding the table of contents for the final report, Mr Froehlich added the following suggestions for consideration:

1) Executive summary;
2) Introduction to define problems, social economic relevance, also include introduction for national activities, publication, critical reviews, what has been assessed in relation to this project, and specific objectives for this project;
3) Roles of nuclear activities for tsunami, environmental aspects, background, analytical aspects, implementation of this project, and coordination on how it is done, given this is a research activity;
4) Synthesis of different countries, critical assessment, new challenges, and gaps still remaining;
5) Conclusions;
6) References; and
7) Annexes (country reports, etc)

His suggestions were welcomed by the participants and will be duly reflected when writing the project final report in due course.

Regarding the contents and making of the project final report, the participating Member States are requested to observe the followings:

1) Main contents of the final report
- Progress report
- Technical report
- Result interpretation
- Interaction with end-users
- Outputs/outcomes as stated in the project contract
- Conclusions and recommendations

2) Collection of country report
- Each NPC submits his/her final country report including the above contents to their
OLCC by 19 October 2008, two weeks before the final meeting.
- Each OLCC combines and digests these reports into an OLCC’s report
- Each OLCC submits it to the PLCC, and the RCARO before the final meeting.
- Each NPC attends the final meeting with their reports.

3) Elaboration of the final report
- The PLCC is to elaborate a preliminary draft of the final report, in cooperation with
OLCCs and RCARO, with a target for a review at the final meeting
- The draft for final report is to be further refined with the review at the final meeting, to
be finalized by the end of 2008 by the PLCC in cooperation with OLCCs and the
- If deemed necessary, service from relevant experts could be sought.

4) When formulating the final report, Mr Froehlich’s suggestions will be reflected properly.

5.2 Project final meeting

Mr Yusheng Zhang made a presentation (Annex 22) regarding the project final meeting to be held in China late this year, and the following conclusions and plans were made:

- Time: November 3-7, 2008
- November 3-6: The project final meeting will be held as initially planned.
- November 7: The participants of said meeting will attend the first day meeting of World Ocean Week. (The one-day DSA for this purpose will be borne by the host country, China.)

1) Place: Xiamen, China
- The venue will be informed later.
- Prompt flight and hotel reservations are required due to many other symposiums during the same period.
- For this, it is requested that the airfare between China and the participant’s country be informed to the RCARO as early as possible.
- Participation: All NPCs from 14 RCA MSs, experts and the RCARO

As for the venue of the project final meeting, the participants are requested to inform their airfare between Xiamen, China and the participant’s country to the RCARO as soon as possible.

Session 6. Other issues

6.1 Sequel project to the RCA/UNDP project

Mr Kun-mo Cho gave a presentation (Annex 23) on the status of the sequel project to the current RCA/UNDP project as follows:

1) Candidate project: One of the IAEA/RCA projects for 2009-2011 “Application of Nuclear Techniques in Marine Pollution Studies”
2) Expected framework: the same framework as used for the current RCA/UNDP project without official support from an IAEA technical officer
3) Expected budget: approx. 100,000USD a year for 3 or 4 years
4) Significance
- Unique RCA project not funded by the IAEA
- A role model for a future RCA project with funds from third parties

6.2 Application for the Tsunami Trust Fund of UNESCAP

Mr Jae-sol Lee gave a presentation (Annex 24) on the background, criteria for eligibility, and timeframe for the Tsunami Trust Fund offered by the UNESCAP (United Nation Economic and Social Committee for Asia and the Pacific). He sought ways on how best to approach this challenge. Grant application forms were distributed for reference. He reported the cooperative partnership is pursued in cooperation with CCOP (Coordinating Committee for Geoscience Programmes in East and Southeast Asia) and possibly with other regional organizations, if necessary. He said some more details of the prospect would be elicited from the visits to be made by the RCARO Director, Mr Ron Szymczak, and himself to the relevant organizations in Bangkok, on their way back home after the workshop. The proposal is as follows:

1) Scope of work

- Ecological risk assessment
- Application of NAT to coastal issues
- Tsunami environment standard and regulatory issues
- Data management and training, etc.

2) Application deadline: early 2009
3) Grants to request: to be determined based on the work scope


After a review of the draft report, the workshop report was adopted. AEA and RCARO were commended for their kind hospitality and excellent arrangements made for the workshop. With the following remarks, the workshop was closed:

Mr Kun-Mo Choi, RCARO Director, thanked all the participants for their cooperation and highlighted the roles of the NPCs, OLCCs, PLCC, and APLCC, who are expected to continue contributing to the successful implementation of the Project, and he also highlighted that their dedicated contribution would continue into the fruitful completion of the project. Finally, he expressed appreciation for the excellent arrangement for the workshop.

Dr Abeyewickreme, Chairman of Atomic Energy Authority, acknowledged the good progress made in stepping closer to meaningful results this year, and congratulated the RCARO for the work it has carried out for this project. Finally, he appreciated the efforts the participants made for the region.

Mr Froehlich, IAEA consultant, appreciated the opportunity to be part of fruitful discussions for the workshop, and was pleasantly thrilled to witness all the participants’ dedication and passion toward the project. He added he is willing to put in his expertise and effort to a successful completion of the project during the remaining time period. Lastly, he thanked the RCARO and Sri Lankan hosts for arranging the workshop

Mr V A Waduge, NPC of the workshop host member state, conveyed his best wishes to all the participants and a safe journey back to their home countries.

Annexes are attached on the UNDP section of the RCARO website.

Annex 1: List of Participants

Annex 2: Adopted Agenda

Annex 3: Introduction by Mr Jae-sol Lee

Annex 4: Technical issues by Ms Elvira Sombrito

Annex 5: IND country report by Mr Sanjay Kumar Jha

Annex 6: INS country report by Mr Ali Arman

Annex 7: MAL country report by Mr Abdul Kadir bin Ishak

Annex 8: SRL country report by Mr VA Waduge

Annex 9: THA country report by Ms Kanitha Srisuksawad

Annex 10: Objective 1 report by Mr Sanjay Kumar Jha

Annex 11: Objective 2 report by Mr VA Waduge

Annex 12: Objective 3 report by Mr Ron Szymczak

Annex 13: IND presentation by Mr Ramanathan Alagappan

Annex 14: INS presentation by Mr Zainal Abidin

Annex 15: AUL presentation by Mr Ron Szymczak

Annex 16: ROK presentation by Mr Sang-han Lee

Annex 17: NZL presentation by Mr John Kennedy

Annex 18: IAEA presentation by Mr Klaus F.O. Froehlich

Annex 19: SRL presentation by Ms Janitha Liyanage

Annex 20: Preparations for the project final report by Mr Jae-sol Lee

Annex 21: Future plan by Ms Elvira Sombrito

Annex 22: Preparations for the project final meeting by Mr Yusheng Zhang

Annex 23: Sequel project by Mr Kun-mo Choi

Annex 24: Tsunami trust fund by Mr Jae-sol Lee

- Revisions made in response to comments from IND, INS, SRL and PHI (5 September 2008)

IP : 112.160.66.***
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